Difference between revisions of "Powerbank simple/en"

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{{ {{tntn|Tuto Details}}
 
{{ {{tntn|Tuto Details}}
|SourceLanguage=fr
+
|Main_Picture=Powerbank_simple_couverture.jpg
|Language=en
+
|Licences=Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)
|IsTranslation=1
+
|Description=Powerbank / single external battery for small independent lighting or smartphone charging.
 +
|Area=Energy
 
|Type=Prototype
 
|Type=Prototype
|Area=Energy
 
|Tags=powerbank, batterie, portable, lithium, ion, NomadeDesMers
 
|Description=Powerbank / single external battery for small independent lighting or smartphone charging.
 
 
|Difficulty=Easy
 
|Difficulty=Easy
 +
|Duration=1
 +
|Duration-type=hour(s)
 
|Cost=5
 
|Cost=5
 
|Currency=EUR (€)
 
|Currency=EUR (€)
|Duration=1
+
|Tags=powerbank, batterie, portable, lithium, ion, NomadeDesMers, LT4Refugees, Agami
|Duration-type=hour(s)
 
|Licences=Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)
 
|Main_Picture=Powerbank_simple_couverture.jpg
 
 
|SourceLanguage=fr
 
|SourceLanguage=fr
 
|Language=en
 
|Language=en
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* [http://future.arte.tv/en/the-lithium-source-dinegalite-and-pollution Environment]: 1300T of accumulators are thrown away each year with a forecast at 14000T for 2020. Depending on the country, they end up either in nature, rejecting toxic substances, or part of them for energy-consuming recycling. However, many of the cells are potentially usable as is for a new life.
 
* [http://future.arte.tv/en/the-lithium-source-dinegalite-and-pollution Environment]: 1300T of accumulators are thrown away each year with a forecast at 14000T for 2020. Depending on the country, they end up either in nature, rejecting toxic substances, or part of them for energy-consuming recycling. However, many of the cells are potentially usable as is for a new life.
  
* Economie : De petites économies locales peuvent naître du réemploi  des cellules lithium-ion encore utilisable, pour la production de lampe, powerbank, etc.
+
* Economy: Small local economies can arise from the reuse of lithium-ion cells still usable, for the production of lamps, powerbanks, etc.
  
'''Données techniques''' :
+
'''Technical data''' :
  
La réalisation d’une powerbank à partir de cellules lithium-ion nécessite la récupération de cellule ainsi que l’acquisition d’un module électronique de charge/décharge.
+
The realization of a powerbank from lithium-ion cells requires cell recovery as well as the acquisition of an electronic module charge / discharge.
2 options s’offrent par la suite :
+
2 options are available later:
  
L’option la plus simple (expliqué dans ce tuto) est l’utilisation d’une seule cellule lithium-ion. Cette option nécessite seulement de valider la bonne marche de la cellule par un test de tension.
+
The simplest option (explained in this tutorial) is the use of a single lithium-ion cell. This option requires only to validate the proper functioning of the cell by a voltage test.
  
La deuxième option est de coupler plusieurs cellules entres elles en fonction de leur capacité de charge. Ceci nécessite une manipulation plus complexe disponible [http://lab.lowtechlab.org/index.php?title=R%C3%A9cup%C3%A9ration_de_batteries ici].
+
The second option is to couple several cells together according to their load capacity. This requires more complex manipulation available [http://lab.lowtechlab.org/index.php?title=R%C3%A9cup%C3%A9ration_de_batteries ici].
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{ {{tntn|Materials}}
 
{{ {{tntn|Materials}}
|Material=* Une batterie ordinateur portable usagée.
+
|Material=* A used laptop battery.
* Un "[http://www.conrad.fr/ce/fr/product/651027/Support-pile-1x-18650-Keystone-1043-montage-THT-L-x-l-x-h-77-x-2065-x-1486-mm lithium-ion battery holder]", si possible avec fil.
+
* A "[http://www.conrad.fr/ce/fr/product/651027/Support-pile-1x-18650-Keystone-1043-montage-THT-L-x-l-x-h-77-x-2065-x-1486-mm lithium-ion battery holder]", if possible with wire.
* Un [https://www.ebay.fr/itm/2in1-charge-discharge-board-module-f-18650-lithium-battery-DIY-Power-Phone-Bank-/252442590514 module de charge/décharge].
+
* A [https://www.ebay.fr/itm/2in1-charge-discharge-board-module-f-18650-lithium-battery-DIY-Power-Phone-Bank-/252442590514 load / unload module].
* Fil d'étain.
+
* Tin wire.
* Un contenant pour les composants: ici tube plastique/chambre à air et bouchon de bouteille.
+
* A container for the components: here plastic tube / inner tube and bottle cap.
|Tools=* Gants et lunettes de protection.
+
|Tools=* Gloves and goggles.
* Burin/marteau
+
* Chisel / hammer
* Pince à dénuder.
+
* Wire stripper.
* Fer à souder.
+
* Soldering iron.
  
'''Remarque''' : Les équipements de sécurité sont à porter tout le long de la réalisation.
+
'''Note''': Safety equipment is to be worn throughout the realization.
 
}}
 
}}
{{ {{tntn|Separator}}}}
 
 
{{ {{tntn|Tuto Step}}
 
{{ {{tntn|Tuto Step}}
|Step_Picture_00=Powerbank_simple_demontage_2.jpg
+
|Step_Title=Selection of lithium-ion cells
|Step_Picture_01=Powerbank_simple_IMG_0952.JPG
+
|Step_Content=* Open the computer battery, possibly using the chisel and hammer, while remaining delicate so as not to damage the cells.
|Step_Picture_02=Powerbank_simple_IMG_0953.JPG
 
|Step_Picture_03=Powerbank_simple_tuto_powerbank.jpg
 
|Step_Title=Selection des cellules lithium-ion
 
|Step_Content=* Ouvrir la batterie d'ordinateur éventuellement à l'aide du burin et du marteau, tout en restant delicat pour ne pas endommager les cellules.
 
  
* Séparer les cellules.
+
* Separate the cells.
  
'''Remarque''' : Par mesure de sécurité, porter une attention particulière à ce que le '''+''' et le '''-''' des cellules n'entrent jamais en contact.
+
'''Note''': As a safety measure, pay particular attention to the fact that the "+" and ''-" of cells never come into contact.
  
* A l'aide d'un voltmètre mesurer la tension aux bornes de chaque cellule et ne conserver que celles au dessus de 2,5V.
+
* Using a voltmeter measure the voltage across each cell and keep only those above 2.5V.
  
'''Remarques''' :  
+
'''Notes''':  
  
1) Le '''+''' de la cellule se situe du coté de la gorge présente sur la cellule.
+
1) The '''+''' of the cell is located on the side of the groove on the cell.
  
2) La tension minimale qu'atteint une cellule lithium-ion déchargée est 2,5V. Si la tension est inférieure, elle peut partir au recyclage.
+
2) The minimum voltage reached by a discharged lithium-ion cell is 2.5V. If the voltage is lower, it can go to recycling.
 +
|Step_Picture_00=Powerbank_simple_demontage_2.jpg
 +
|Step_Picture_01=Powerbank_simple_IMG_0952.JPG
 +
|Step_Picture_02=Powerbank_simple_IMG_0953.JPG
 +
|Step_Picture_03=Powerbank_simple_tuto_powerbank.jpg
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{ {{tntn|Tuto Step}}
 
{{ {{tntn|Tuto Step}}
|Step_Picture_00=Powerbank_simple_IMG_0949.JPG
+
|Step_Title=Assembly of components.
|Step_Title=Assemblage des composants.
+
|Step_Content=* Weld the '''-''' of lithium-ion battery holder to '''+''' of the charge / discharge module.
|Step_Content=* Souder le '''-''' du "Lithium-ion battery holder" au '''+''' du module de charge/décharge.
 
  
* Procéder de la même manière pour le '''-'''.
+
* Proceed in the same way for the '''-'''.
  
* Insérer la cellule dans le "lithium-ion battery holder" en respectant bien les polarité '+' et '-' (sous risque d'explosion de la cellule).
+
* Insert the cell in the "lithium-ion battery holder", respecting the '+' and '-' polarity (at risk of explosion of the cell).
  
* Tester la charge et la décharge de la cellule via des câbles usb / mini usb: un code couleur de LED bleu (chargée) et rouge (déchargée) sur le module de charge permet de connaître l'état de la cellule.
+
* Test the charge and discharge of the cell via usb / mini USB cables: a color code of blue LED (charged) and red (discharged) on the load module allows to know the state of the cell.
 +
|Step_Picture_00=Powerbank_simple_IMG_0949.JPG
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{ {{tntn|Tuto Step}}
 
{{ {{tntn|Tuto Step}}
 +
|Step_Title=Put in the container.
 +
|Step_Content=* Insert the assembly into the chosen container.
 
|Step_Picture_00=Powerbank_simple_IMG_0955.JPG
 
|Step_Picture_00=Powerbank_simple_IMG_0955.JPG
 
|Step_Picture_01=Powerbank_simple_IMG_0956.JPG
 
|Step_Picture_01=Powerbank_simple_IMG_0956.JPG
 
|Step_Picture_02=Powerbank_simple_IMG_0957.JPG
 
|Step_Picture_02=Powerbank_simple_IMG_0957.JPG
|Step_Title=Mise dans le contenant.
 
|Step_Content=* Insérer le montage dans le contenant choisi.
 
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{ {{tntn|Tuto Step}}
 
{{ {{tntn|Tuto Step}}
 +
|Step_Title=Use
 +
|Step_Content=* The powerbank can be used in addition to a smartphone battery to double the battery life.
 +
 +
* It can also be used for autonomous lighting. A test carried out with a bulb LED lamp allowed a lighting during 7h. (Power of the lamp to come).
 
|Step_Picture_00=Powerbank_simple_couverture.jpg
 
|Step_Picture_00=Powerbank_simple_couverture.jpg
|Step_Title=Utilisation
 
|Step_Content=* La powerbank peut-être utilisée en complément d'une batterie de smartphone permettant de doubler l'autonomie.
 
 
* Elle peut également être utilisée pour un éclairage autonome. Un test réalisé avec une lampe bulbe LED a permis un éclairage pendant 7h. (Puissance de la lampe à venir).
 
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{ {{tntn|Notes}}
 
{{ {{tntn|Notes}}
|Notes=* Tutoriel réalisé par Arnaud Mayaux et Pierre-Alain Lévêque pour Nomade des Mers, Novembre 2017.
+
|Notes=* Tutorial directed by Arnaud Mayaux and Pierre-Alain Lévêque for Nomade des Mers, November 2017.
 
* [https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accumulateur_lithium-ion Lithium-ion, wikipedia]
 
* [https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accumulateur_lithium-ion Lithium-ion, wikipedia]
* [https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recyclage_des_batteries Recyclage des batteries, wikipedia]
+
* [https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recyclage_des_batteries Recycling battery, wikipedia]
* [http://future.arte.tv/fr/le-lithium-source-dinegalite-et-de-pollution ARTE Future sur le lithium]
+
* [http://future.arte.tv/fr/le-lithium-source-dinegalite-et-de-pollution ARTE Future on lithium]
* [http://www.frandroid.com/actualites-generales/204259_tout-savoir-batteries-mythes-astuces-avenir Informations sur batteries lithium-ion, frandroid]
+
* [http://www.frandroid.com/actualites-generales/204259_tout-savoir-batteries-mythes-astuces-avenir Informations on lithium-ion cells, frandroid]
* [https://www.puissanceled.com/Accus_Li-ion Caractéristiques cellules lithium-ion, puissanceled]
+
* [https://www.puissanceled.com/Accus_Li-ion Caractéristics of lithium-ion cells, puissanceled]
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{ {{tntn|Tuto Status}}
 
{{ {{tntn|Tuto Status}}
|Complete=Yes
+
|Complete=Published
 
}}
 
}}
 +
{{ {{tntn|Separator}}}}

Latest revision as of 11:36, 7 May 2019

Prototype de avatarNomade des Mers | Categories : Energy

Powerbank simple couverture.jpg

Powerbank / single external battery for small independent lighting or smartphone charging.

License : Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)

Introduction

This tutorial presents the manufacture of a very simple powerbank allowing the feeding of a small lighting or the charging of a smartphone via a USB socket. It is made from lithium-ion cells recovered from used laptop batteries.

Safety :

Lithium-ion batteries can be particularly dangerous. Their charges and discharges must be protected with a suitable electronic circuit. In addition, short circuiting a cell can cause it to explode: It is therefore imperative to handle them with care: gloves and goggles.

Laptop batteries:

Removable computer batteries are mostly made up of lithium-ion cells in series or parallel with an input charge / discharge regulator. When a battery is faulty, it is very likely that only one of the cells or even just the regulator fails. It is still possible to reuse the others.

Why reuse this type of cells / batteries?

  • Storage: This type of technology is currently one of the lightest compared to the amount of energy it can store.
  • Environment: 1300T of accumulators are thrown away each year with a forecast at 14000T for 2020. Depending on the country, they end up either in nature, rejecting toxic substances, or part of them for energy-consuming recycling. However, many of the cells are potentially usable as is for a new life.
  • Economy: Small local economies can arise from the reuse of lithium-ion cells still usable, for the production of lamps, powerbanks, etc.

Technical data :

The realization of a powerbank from lithium-ion cells requires cell recovery as well as the acquisition of an electronic module charge / discharge. 2 options are available later:

The simplest option (explained in this tutorial) is the use of a single lithium-ion cell. This option requires only to validate the proper functioning of the cell by a voltage test.

The second option is to couple several cells together according to their load capacity. This requires more complex manipulation available ici.

Materials

Tools

  • Gloves and goggles.
  • Chisel / hammer
  • Wire stripper.
  • Soldering iron.

Note: Safety equipment is to be worn throughout the realization.

Step 1 - Selection of lithium-ion cells

  • Open the computer battery, possibly using the chisel and hammer, while remaining delicate so as not to damage the cells.
  • Separate the cells.

Note: As a safety measure, pay particular attention to the fact that the "+" and -" of cells never come into contact.

  • Using a voltmeter measure the voltage across each cell and keep only those above 2.5V.

Notes:

1) The + of the cell is located on the side of the groove on the cell.

2) The minimum voltage reached by a discharged lithium-ion cell is 2.5V. If the voltage is lower, it can go to recycling.

Step 2 - Assembly of components.

  • Weld the - of lithium-ion battery holder to + of the charge / discharge module.
  • Proceed in the same way for the -.
  • Insert the cell in the "lithium-ion battery holder", respecting the '+' and '-' polarity (at risk of explosion of the cell).
  • Test the charge and discharge of the cell via usb / mini USB cables: a color code of blue LED (charged) and red (discharged) on the load module allows to know the state of the cell.



Step 3 - Put in the container.

  • Insert the assembly into the chosen container.


Step 4 - Use

  • The powerbank can be used in addition to a smartphone battery to double the battery life.
  • It can also be used for autonomous lighting. A test carried out with a bulb LED lamp allowed a lighting during 7h. (Power of the lamp to come).



Notes and references

Comments

Published