Simple powerbank

Prototype de avatarNomade des Mers | Categories : Energy

Powerbank simple couverture.jpg

Powerbank / single external battery for small independent lighting or smartphone charging.

License : Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)

Introduction

This tutorial presents the manufacture of a very simple powerbank allowing the feeding of a small lighting or the charging of a smartphone via a USB socket. It is made from lithium-ion cells recovered from used laptop batteries.

Safety :

Lithium-ion batteries can be particularly dangerous. Their charges and discharges must be protected with a suitable electronic circuit. In addition, short circuiting a cell can cause it to explode: It is therefore imperative to handle them with care: gloves and goggles.

Laptop batteries:

Removable computer batteries are mostly made up of lithium-ion cells in series or parallel with an input charge / discharge regulator. When a battery is faulty, it is very likely that only one of the cells or even just the regulator fails. It is still possible to reuse the others.

Why reuse this type of cells / batteries?

  • Storage: This type of technology is currently one of the lightest compared to the amount of energy it can store.
  • Environment: 1300T of accumulators are thrown away each year with a forecast at 14000T for 2020. Depending on the country, they end up either in nature, rejecting toxic substances, or part of them for energy-consuming recycling. However, many of the cells are potentially usable as is for a new life.
  • Economy: Small local economies can arise from the reuse of lithium-ion cells still usable, for the production of lamps, powerbanks, etc.

Technical data :

The realization of a powerbank from lithium-ion cells requires cell recovery as well as the acquisition of an electronic module charge / discharge. 2 options are available later:

The simplest option (explained in this tutorial) is the use of a single lithium-ion cell. This option requires only to validate the proper functioning of the cell by a voltage test.

The second option is to couple several cells together according to their load capacity. This requires more complex manipulation available ici.

Materials

Tools

  • Gloves and goggles.
  • Chisel / hammer
  • Wire stripper.
  • Soldering iron.

Note: Safety equipment is to be worn throughout the realization.

Step 1 - Selection of lithium-ion cells

  • Open the computer battery, possibly using the chisel and hammer, while remaining delicate so as not to damage the cells.
  • Separate the cells.

Note: As a safety measure, pay particular attention to the fact that the "+" and -" of cells never come into contact.

  • Using a voltmeter measure the voltage across each cell and keep only those above 2.5V.

Notes:

1) The + of the cell is located on the side of the groove on the cell.

2) La tension minimale qu'atteint une cellule lithium-ion déchargée est 2,5V. Si la tension est inférieure, elle peut partir au recyclage.

Step 2 - Assembly of components.

  • Souder le - du "Lithium-ion battery holder" au + du module de charge/décharge.
  • Procéder de la même manière pour le -.
  • Insérer la cellule dans le "lithium-ion battery holder" en respectant bien les polarité '+' et '-' (sous risque d'explosion de la cellule).
  • Tester la charge et la décharge de la cellule via des câbles usb / mini usb: un code couleur de LED bleu (chargée) et rouge (déchargée) sur le module de charge permet de connaître l'état de la cellule.



Step 3 - Mise dans le contenant.

  • Insérer le montage dans le contenant choisi.


Step 4 - Utilisation

  • La powerbank peut-être utilisée en complément d'une batterie de smartphone permettant de doubler l'autonomie.
  • Elle peut également être utilisée pour un éclairage autonome. Un test réalisé avec une lampe bulbe LED a permis un éclairage pendant 7h. (Puissance de la lampe à venir).



Notes and references

Comments

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